ISSN 2043-8087
Journal of Experimental Psychopathology
 Volume 3, Issue 4, 612-623, 2012
Abstract  E-mail Abstract   Article Purchase as PDF 
Return to Issue List 
Safety Behaviours, Rumination and Trait Paranoia in a Non-Clinical Sample

Jennifer Simpson (a), Bryony MacGregor (a), Kate Cavanagh (b) and Robert E.J Dudley (a)(b)
(a) Doctorate in Clinical Psychology, Newcastle University
(b) Institute of Neuroscience, Newcastle University

Volume 3, Issue 4, 2012, Pages 612-623

Cognitive behavioural models of persecutory delusions hypothesise that paranoid threat beliefs are maintained by cognitive and behavioural processes which promote confirmatory information and reduce disconfirmatory information. Such mechanisms include engagement with safety behaviours and iterative, self-focused cognitive processes such as worry and rumination. This paper reports a study investigating the relationship between safety behaviours, rumination and paranoia in a non-clinical sample (N = 133). A single group cross-sectional design was utilised. Strong correlations between these factors were identified, and were not accounted for by negative affect. Hierarchical multiple regression revealed that engagement in safety behaviours and rumination explained 49% of the variance of paranoia when combined with age, gender and negative affect. This paper provides some evidence for the role of safety behaviours and rumination in the presence of paranoid threat beliefs. Further research is needed to explore the causal relationship between these variables, and their explanatory power within a clinical sample. If replicated, these findings suggest that mental health practitioners would be wise to consider these variables in the assessment, formulation and treatment of paranoia.

Table of Contents
  Safety Behaviours
  The Current Study
    Hypothesis 1.
    Hypothesis 2.
  Data Analysis
  Data Screening
  Data Analysis
    Descriptive statistics.
    Correlational analysis.
    Hierarchical regression.
  Study Limitations

Correspondence to
Jennifer Simpson, Foxrush House, Green Square, Kirkleatham Business Park, Redcar, TS10 5RS.

paranoia, rumination, safety behaviours, threat beliefs, persecutory delusions

Received 16 Feb 2012; Revised 2 Aug 2012; Accepted 21 Aug 2012; In Press 23 Sep 2012

Bookmark and Share

Related articles by AUTHORS
None Found

Related articles by KEYWORDS
None Found

© Copyright 2009-2016 Textrum Ltd . All rights reserved. Published in the UK. - Contact Us Advertise | Privacy Policy | Terms of Use