ISSN 2043-8087
Journal of Experimental Psychopathology
 Volume 3, Issue 5, 807-824, 2012
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Multiple Pathways to and from Responsibility Interpretations and the Development of Obsessive Compulsive Symptoms

Authors
Thomas G. Adams
University of Arkansas

Volume 3, Issue 5, 2012, Pages 807-824
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5127/jep.025311

Abstract
Responsibility beliefs and interpretations are paramount to the development and maintenance of obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptoms, yet very little is understood about the development of responsibility-related cognitions. The present study utilized a large non-clinical sample (N = 356), retrospective (i.e., self-reported developmental factors) and cross sectional data (i.e., self-reported severity of responsibility interpretations and OC-symptoms), and structural equation modeling to test the direct and indirect relations between developmental pathways to responsibility-related cognitions, responsibility interpretations of intrusions, and specific OC symptom dimensions. Results showed that: responsibility interpretations fully mediated the relations between a highly responsible childhood and 1) OC-obsessing and 2) OC-hoarding symptoms. Responsibility interpretations also fully mediated the relations between events in which an individual caused actual or imagined harm and 1) OC-obsessing, 2) OC-hoarding, 3) OC-arranging, and 4) OC-checking. Moreover, these effects varied across genders. Interpretations, limitations, and future directions are discussed in detail.

Table of Contents
Introduction
Methods
Procedures
Participants
Measures
Data Analytic Strategies
Results
Statistical Assumptions
Model Respecification Construct Reliability and Validity
Structural Model
Descriptives and Preliminary Analyses
Hypotheses Tests
Simple Effects
Direct Effects
Indirect Effects
Gender Analyses
Discussion
References

Correspondence to
Thomas G. Adams Jr., University of Arkansas, 316 Memorial Hall, Fayetteville, AR 72701,

Keywords
obsessive-compulsive disorder; responsibility; cognitions; development; parenting

Dates
Received 14 Oct 2011; Revised 18 Apr 2012; Accepted 17 May 2012; In Press 5 Dec 2012







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