ISSN 2043-8087
Journal of Experimental Psychopathology
 Volume 4, Issue 2, 161-181, 2013
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An Integrated Examination of Risk Factors for Repetitive Negative Thought

Authors
Rosemary E. F. Kingston, Edward R. Watkins, and Heather A. O'Mahen
Mood Disorders Centre, Psychology, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK

Volume 4, Issue 2, 2013, Pages 161-181
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5127/jep.027712

Abstract
The two most common forms of repetitive negative thought (RNT) are rumination and worry, which are both repeatedly implicated in the onset and maintenance of depression and anxiety disorders. It is therefore of theoretical and clinical value to understand why people engage in worry and rumination, despite their negative consequences. A variety of vulnerability factors have been implicated, including distal factors relating to personality, abuse, and overcontrolling parenting; and proximal cognitive factors, including abstract processing and perceptions of the function of repetitive thought (RT). The current study provided a cross-sectional examination of these vulnerability factors alongside rumination and worry in a large sample of adults, with reference to a new integrative model of RNT. Structural equation modelling analyses indicated that a model in which neuroticism and emotional abuse were related to RNT via their association with perceptions about the function of RT provided a good fit to the data.

Table of Contents
Introduction
Method
 Participants
 Measures
  Repetitive thought.
  Symptoms and current stress.
  Early experiences.
  Cognitive factors.
 Procedure
 Data Analytic Strategy
Results
 Preliminary Analyses
 Measurement Model Analyses
 Structural Model Analyses
Discussion
References

Correspondence to
Rosemary Kingston, Psychology, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Washington Singer Building, Perry Road, Exeter, EX4 4QG, UK

Keywords
Rumination; Anxiety; Child Abuse; Parenting Style; Neuroticism; Metacognition; Cognitive Processes

Dates
Received 8 Mar 2012; Revised 1 Oct 2012; Accepted 8 Oct 2012; In Press 12 May 2013







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