| Volume 4, Issue 5, 451-470, 2013 |
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|Borderline Personality Features Moderate Emotion Reactivity and Emotion Regulation in Response to a Fear Stressor|
|Alexander L. Chapman(a), Katherine L. Dixon-Gordon(a),(b), Kristy N. Walters(a),(c)|
|(a) Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, Canada|
(b) University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS, USA
(c) University of Alberta Hospital, Edmonton, AB, Canada
|Volume 4, Issue 5, 2013, Pages 451-470|
|This study examined emotional reactivity and emotion regulation strategies used by participants high (n = 41) and low (n = 55) in borderline personality (BP) features. Participants were randomly assigned to a neutral or fear emotion induction, and emotional responses (self-report and psychophysiological) were assessed. Participants also reported the types of strategies they used to regulate their emotions during the emotion induction. The high-BP (but not low-BP) participants reported greater fear, Upset, and hostility in the fear condition compared with the neutral condition. The participants in the fear condition evidenced vagal withdrawal, relative to the neutral condition, although there was some evidence of vagal withdrawal among the high-BP group in the neutral condition as well. Further, the high-BP (vs. low-BP) participants reported greater use of distraction, cognitive reappraisal, and emotion suppression, and less use of emotional acceptance. Reported use of acceptance partially mediated the moderation effect of BP features on the relationship between condition and reported hostility. |
|Table of Contents|
The Present Study
Self-Report Questionnaire Measures
Descriptive statistics and examination of potential covariates.
Hypothesis 1: High-BP individuals will demonstrate heightened negative emotional reactivity to fear stimuli
Hypothesis 2: High-BP participants will report greater use of avoidant emotion regulation strategies and less acceptance than low-BP participants in the fear condition
Hypothesis 3: Emotion regulation will mediate the interaction of BP features and condition
Supplementary Analyses: Gender and Ethnicity as Moderators
Gender as moderator.
Asian ethnicity as a moderator.
|Alexander L. Chapman, Department of Psychology (RCB 5246), Simon Fraser University, 8888 University Drive, Burnaby, BC, Canada V5A 1S6 |
|Borderline personality disorder, emotion, emotion regulation, fear |
|Received 22 Aug 2012; Revised 22 Aug 2012; Accepted 5 Sep 2012; In Press 13 May 2013 |