ISSN 2043-8087
Journal of Experimental Psychopathology
 Volume 4, Issue 3, 239-249, 2013
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Effects of Alcohol Cues on Craving and Ad Libitum Alcohol Consumption in Social Drinkers: The Role of Disinhibition

Authors
Andrew Jones, Abigail K. Rose, Jon Cole, Matt Field
School of Psychology, University of Liverpool, UK

Volume 4, Issue 3, 2013, Pages 239-249
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5127/jep.031912

Abstract
Alcohol cues increase physiological arousal, subjective craving and alcohol consumption. These effects may be mediated by state changes in disinhibition. In this study heavy social drinkers (N = 60) were exposed to alcohol cues in a simulated bar environment, or to water cues in a teaching room. Immediately after cue exposure, participants completed a measure of disinhibition (stop-signal task) followed by self-report measures of alcohol craving, and a bogus taste test as a measure of ad libitum alcohol consumption. Alcohol cues had no direct effect on disinhibition although they led to increased subjective craving and alcohol consumption, relative to water cues. Individual differences in disinhibition were associated with self-reported alcohol craving, but not with alcohol consumption, following exposure to alcohol but not water cues. These findings are the first to highlight the association between cue-reactivity and disinhibition in a semi-naturalistic setting.

Table of Contents
Introduction
Method
Participant
Materials and Equipment
Questionnaires
Procedure
Results
Discussion
References

Correspondence to
Andrew Jones, School of Psychology, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, L69 7ZA, UK.

Keywords
alcohol; craving; cue exposure; disinhibition; taste test

Dates
Received 12 Aug 2012; Revised 20 Feb 2013; Accepted 20 Feb 2013; In Press 21 Jul 2013







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