ISSN 2043-8087
Journal of Experimental Psychopathology
 Volume 4, Issue 4, 303-314, 2013
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Cognitive Processes in Worry and Paranoia: Investigation of the Looming Cognitive Style

Jacinta Clemente, MPsych(a), John F. Gleeson PhD(a),(b) and Michelle H. Lim, PhD(a),(c)
(a) Psychological Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria Australia
(b) School of Psychology, Australian Catholic University, Victoria, AUSTRALIA.
(c) Department of Psychology, Washington University in St Louis, Missouri, USA.

Volume 4, Issue 4, 2013, Pages 303-314

The present study investigated a cognitive vulnerability known as the Looming Cognitive Style (LCS), which has previously been associated with anxiety and worry but not depression, in a group of pathological worriers. The present study is the first to examine LCS in a group diagnosed with a psychotic disorder with a history of persecutory delusions. Twenty-five individuals assessed as pathological worriers and 24 individuals diagnosed with a psychotic disorder were included in the study. In the present study, 63 percent of the psychosis group met the criteria for pathological worry. While both groups did not significantly differ on mean levels of LCS, current findings add to growing empirical evidence that the LCS is a cognitive vulnerability specific to anxiety and suggest that the psychological processes underlying worry in individuals with anxiety are distinct from processes underlying worry in psychosis.

Table of Contents
Worry and Anxiety in Psychosis and Delusions
Context for Research
The Penn State Worry Questionnaire (PSWQ; Meyer, et al., 1990).
The Looming Maladaptive Style Questionnaire (LMSQ; Riskind, et al., 2000).
Green et al., Paranoid Thoughts Scale (Green et al., 2008).
The Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D; Radloff, 1977).
The 20-item Neuroticism/Emotional Stability scale from the International Personality Item Pool (IPIP; Goldberg, 1999).
National Adult Reading Test (NART; Nelson, 1982).
Sample Characteristics
3.2 Statistical Analysis of the Looming Cognitive Style
Looming Cognitive Style and Worry
Looming Cognitive Style and Psychosis
Worry and Paranoia
Future Directions
Summary and Conclusions

Correspondence to
John Gleeson, School of Psychology, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Australian Catholic University, Locked Bag 4115 Fitzroy MDC, Fitzroy, Victoria, AUSTRALIA 3065.

Looming Cognitive Style; Worry; Anxiety; Paranoia; Persecutory Delusions

Received 7 May 2012; Revised 28 Nov 2012; Accepted 28 Nov 2012; In Press 21 Jul 2013

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