ISSN 2043-8087
Journal of Experimental Psychopathology
 Volume 4, Issue 4, 368-386, 2013
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The Effect of Post-Event Processing on Mood, Self-Beliefs, and Interpretive Biases

Steve R. Makkar & Jessica R. Grisham
School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney NSW 2052, Australia

Volume 4, Issue 4, 2013, Pages 368-386

Cognitive models of social phobia (e.g., Clark & Wells, 1995; Hoffman, 2007) propose that post-event processing (PEP), the act of engaging in a negatively-biased analysis of a prior social situation, contributes to the maintenance of this disorder. The current study examined the effects of engaging in a cognitive-based, abstract-evaluative form of PEP (AE-PEP) on affect and cognition in and high and low socially anxious individuals. In addition, a novel ambiguous social-interaction task was used to maximise ecological relevance. Participants engaged in either AE-PEP or distraction following a discussion group interaction. The results demonstrated that compared to distraction, high socially anxious participants that engaged in AE-PEP reported more negative affect, greater endorsement of negative self-beliefs, and greater interpretative biases. Significant effects of AE-PEP over distraction were not observed in low socially anxious individuals. The results provide support for cognitive models of social phobia, indicating that PEP is a key maintaining factor.

Table of Contents
Dependent measures.
Response Task Manipulation
Manipulation Check
Data Analyses.
Manipulation Check
Participant Characteristics
Dependent Measures
Negative affect.
Negative self-beliefs.
Appendix: Instructions for the AE-PEP Response Condition Used in the Present Study

Correspondence to
Steve Makkar, School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney NSW 2052, Australia.

Social anxiety; Social phobia; Post-event processing; Rumination

Received 17 Jul 2012; Revised 13 Mar 2013; Accepted 14 Mar 2013; In Press 16 Oct 2013

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