ISSN 2043-8087
Journal of Experimental Psychopathology
 Volume 5, Issue 1, 97-112, 2014
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Retrieval-Induced Forgetting in Repressors, Defensive High Anxious, High Anxious and Low Anxious Individuals

Authors
Jo Saunders(a), Rhian Worth(b), Smriti Vallath(c) & Marcelle Fernandes(d)
(a) School of Psychological Sciences & Health, Strathclyde University
(b) Department of Psychology, University of South Wales
(c) Department of Psychology, University of Swansea
(d) BPP University College, London

Volume 5, Issue 1, 2014, Pages 97-112
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5127/jep.036213

Abstract
Previous research has indicated that repressors forget more negative memories which may be due to enhanced inhibitory abilities. To investigate this issue the retrieval practice paradigm was modified for use with neutral and negative personality traits. In Experiments 1 and 2, participants chose neutral and negative traits which were self descriptive and then performed retrieval practice on the neutral traits. Repressors and low anxious participants were found to demonstrate forgetting of negative traits with repressors forgetting more negative traits than low anxious participants. In Experiment 2 the inhibitory account was tested by comparing retrieval practice with re-presentation. Retrieval practice led to forgetting but re-presentation did not. In Experiment 3 forgetting of neutral traits was evident in the repressors and low anxious groups but repressors did not exhibit increased forgetting. In Experiment 4 the cue independent method was used to examine inhibition for neutral material. All groups demonstrated forgetting but repressors did not demonstrate enhanced inhibition. These findings indicate that repressors demonstrate enhanced forgetting only for self referential negative information.

Table of Contents
Introduction
Experiment 1: Retrieval-Induced Forgetting In Repressors
 Method
  Participants and design
  Materials and procedure
 Results and Discussion
Experiment 2: Do Repressors Demonstrate Enhanced Retrieval-Induced Forgetting Following Re-Presentation?
 Method
  Participants and design
  Materials and procedure
 Results
Experiment 3: Retrieval-Induced Forgetting of Neutral Information In Repressors
 Method
  Participants and design
  Materials and procedure
 Results
Experiment 4: Cue-Independent Forgetting
 Method
  Participants and design
  Materials and procedure
 Results
General Discussion
References
Appendix A: Traits

Correspondence to
Jo Saunders, School of Psychological Sciences and Health, Strathclyde University, 40 George Street, Glasgow, G1 1QE UK.

Keywords
repressors, retrieval-induced forgetting, inhibition, memory

Dates
Received 16 Apr 2013; Revised 25 Jul 2013; Accepted 24 Sep 2013; In Press 30 Mar 2014







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