ISSN 2043-8087
Journal of Experimental Psychopathology
 Volume 5, Issue 3, 229-243, 2014
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Chasing Clarity: Rumination as a Strategy for Making Sense of Emotions

Authors
  Vera Vine - Yale University
  Amelia Aldao - The Ohio State University
  Susan Nolen-Hoeksema - Yale University

Volume 5, Issue 3, 2014, Pages 229-243
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5127/jep.038513

Abstract
Research is needed on the affective mechanisms that motivate people to ruminate. One possibility is that some people might ruminate in response to deficits in emotional clarity because not knowing how they feel might be intolerable to them. We tested the hypothesis that the relationship between low emotional clarity and rumination would be moderated by intolerance of ambiguity. Participants in a longitudinal online study (N = 195) provided selfreports of intolerance of ambiguity and rumination and reported state emotional clarity following an idiographic mood induction; three weeks later they reported on rumination again. As predicted, participants with low emotional clarity at Time 1 ruminated more three weeks later, but only if they were intolerant of ambiguity. Findings support the notion that rumination sometimes functions as a search for answers about emotions. We discuss implications for understanding the affective disturbances perpetuating vicious cycles of rumination and for rumination-focused clinical interventions.

Table of Contents
Introduction
Method
 Recruitment
 Participants
  Retained vs. attritted subjects.
  Mood Induction
 Measures
  Emotional clarity.
  Rumination.
  Intolerance of ambiguity.
 Procedure
Results
 Preliminary Analyses
  Manipulation check.
  Descriptive analyses and bivariate correlations.
 Main Analyses
Discussion
 Limitations and Strengths
 Clinical Implications and Future Directions
Conclusion
Acknowledgements
References

Correspondence to
Vera Vine, M.S., M.Phil., Yale University, Department of Psychology, P.O. Box 208205, New Haven, CT 06520.

Keywords
emotion, emotional clarity, emotion awareness, emotion understanding, rumination, emotion regulation, intolerance of ambiguity

Dates
Received 3 Sep 2013; Revised 17 Apr 2014; Accepted 1 Jun 2014; In Press 21 Nov 2014







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