ISSN 2043-8087
Journal of Experimental Psychopathology
 Volume 5, Issue 3, 272-288, 2014
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The Relationship between Rumination and Affective, Cognitive, and Physiological Responses to Stress in Adolescents

  Amelia Aldao - The Ohio State University, Columbus
  Katie McLaughlin - University of Washington, Seattle
  Mark Hatzenbuehler - Columbia University, New York
  Margaret Sheridan - Boston Children's Hospital/Harvard Medical School, Boston

Volume 5, Issue 3, 2014, Pages 272-288

Although previous studies have established that rumination influences responses to stressful life events, the mechanisms underlying this relationship remain inadequately understood. The current study examines the relationship between trait rumination and affective, cognitive, and physiological responses to a standardized laboratory-based stressor in adolescents. A community-based sample of adolescents (N = 157) aged 13-17 completed the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST). Affective, cognitive, and physiological responses were obtained before, during, and after the TSST. Adolescents who engaged in habitual rumination experienced greater negative affect and more negative cognitive appraisals in response to the TSST than adolescents with lower levels of rumination. Rumination was unrelated to heart rate reactivity, but predicted slower heart rate recovery from the TSST, indicating that rumination might be specifically associated with physiological recovery from stress. Rumination is associated with negative affective, cognitive, and physiological responses following stressors, suggesting potential mechanisms through which it might increase risk for psychopathology.

Table of Contents
  Cognitive Appraisals.
  Physiological measures.
 Descriptive Statistics
 Rumination and Affect
 Rumination and Cognitive Appraisals
 Rumination and Cardiovascular Reactivity
 Rumination and Cardiovascular Recovery

Correspondence to
Amelia Aldao, Ph.D., Department of Psychology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, United States.

rumination, stress, stressful life events, emotion regulation, physiological reactivity, recovery

Received 16 Sep 2013; Revised 9 Apr 2014; Accepted 16 Apr 2014; In Press 21 Nov 2014

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