| Volume 5, Issue 3, 289-301, 2014 |
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|Trait Rumination Moderates the Effect of Executive Control
| Meghan Quinn - Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA|
| Daniel Keil - Department of Psychology, Philipps University Marburg, Germany|
| Sarah Utke - Department of Psychology, Philipps University Marburg, Germany|
| Jutta Joormann - Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA|
|Volume 5, Issue 3, 2014, Pages 289-301|
|The ability to regulate emotions during times of stress plays an important role in risk for psychopathology and
resilient responding. Individual differences in executive control may critically affect this ability. Training executive
control may therefore improve emotional adjustment to stressful events. The aims of the current study were to
examine whether executive control training affects biological stress response and to investigate whether trait
rumination moderates the training effect. Using a student sample (N = 69), two versions of the n-back task were
administered, one with neutral and one with affective stimuli. The training groups were compared to a control
condition on changes in salivary cortisol following a stress induction. Results indicate that trait rumination
moderated the training effects. For participants low on trait rumination, condition assignment had no effect on
cortisol reactivity. For participants high on trait rumination, however, the training compared to the control condition
resulted in diminished cortisol reactivity. These results emphasize the importance of examining moderators when
investigating the effects of executive control training. |
|Table of Contents|
Ruminative Responses Scale (RRS; Treynor, Gonzalez, & Nolen-Hoeksema, 2003).
Beck Depression Inventory, Second Edition (BDI-II; Beck, Steer, & Brown, 1996).
Evaluation of training tasks.
Evaluation of stress induction.
Moderating Role of Rumination
|Meghan Quinn, Northwestern University, Department of Psychology, 2029 Sheridan Road,
Evanston, IL 60208-2710. |
|Executive control training; Rumination; Cortisol reactivity; Executive control; Working memory |
|Received 9 Sep 2013; Revised 24 Feb 2014; Accepted 17 Feb 2014; In Press 21 Nov 2014 |