ISSN 2043-8087
Journal of Experimental Psychopathology
 Volume 5, Issue 3, 302-313, 2014
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Cognitive Control and Rumination in Youth: The Importance of Emotion

Authors
  Lori Hilt - Department of Psychology, Lawrence University, Appleton, WI USA
  Brian Leitzke - Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI USA
  Seth Pollak - Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI USA

Volume 5, Issue 3, 2014, Pages 302-313
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5127/jep.038113

Abstract
Rumination involves the tendency to passively dwell on negative emotions along with their meanings and consequences. Susan Nolen-Hoeksema demonstrated the role of rumination in the development of several forms of psychopathology and suggested that cognitive control may be one factor that makes some individuals more prone to ruminate than others. Studies with adults have consistently found that rumination is associated with cognitive control difficulties, especially related to switching and inhibiting emotional information. Because rumination predicts psychopathology by adolescence, the present study examined whether ruminating youth would show similar cognitive control difficulties. Fifty-two adolescents completed two tasks from the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery and reported on their depressive symptoms and tendency to ruminate. There was no effect of rumination on a task measuring general cognitive flexibility. However, rumination was associated with difficulty inhibiting negative information when switching from negative to positive blocks on an Affective Go/No-go task. Results suggest both similarities and differences compared to adult studies and are discussed in terms of clinical implications for the prevention and treatment of psychopathology.

Table of Contents
Introduction
 Rumination and Cognitive Control among Adults
 Rumination and Cognitive Control Over Emotional Information Among Adults
 The Importance of Studying Youth
 The Present Study
Method
 Participants and Procedure
 Measures
  Cognitive control tasks.
  Intra-Extra Dimensional Set Shift.
  Affective Go/No-go.
  Rumination.
  Depressive symptoms.
Results
 General Cognitive Control
 Cognitive Control Over Emotional Information
Discussion
Acknowledgements
References

Correspondence to
Lori M. Hilt, 711 E. Boldt Way, SPC 24, Appleton, WI 54911

Keywords
rumination, adolescence, cognitive control, executive processes, depression, CANTAB, emotion regulation

Dates
Received 26 Aug 2013; Revised 29 Mar 2014; Accepted 31 Mar 2014; In Press 21 Nov 2014







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