ISSN 2043-8087
Journal of Experimental Psychopathology
 Volume 5, Issue 3, 363-381, 2014
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Are Rumination and Worry Two Sides of the Same Coin? A Structural Equation Modelling Approach

Authors
  Maurice Topper - University of Amsterdam, Department of Clinical Psychology, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  Dylan Molenaar - University of Amsterdam, Department of Clinical Psychology, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  Paul Emmelkamp - University of Amsterdam, Department of Clinical Psychology, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  Thomas Ehring - University of Munster, Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Munster, Germany

Volume 5, Issue 3, 2014, Pages 363-381
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5127/jep.038813

Abstract
Worry and rumination are two types of Repetitive Negative Thinking (RNT) that have been shown to be related to the development and maintenance of emotional problems. Whereas these two forms of RNT have traditionally been regarded as distinct and differentially related to psychopathology, researchers have recently argued that worry and rumination share the same process and show a very similar relationship to different forms of psychopathology. In a series of three studies, we employed a structural equation modelling approach to compare these competing hypotheses. Results showed that a bi-factor model (representing RNT by one latent factor with two uncorrelated method factors) provided a better fit to the data than a two-factor model (with worry and rumination represented by separate factors). In addition, the shared variance within the bi-factor model fully accounted for changes in symptom levels of depression and anxiety in two prospective studies. These findings support a transdiagnostic account of RNT. Implications for theory, measurement and clinical practice are discussed.

Table of Contents
Introduction
Study 1
 Methods
  Participants and procedure.
  Measures.
 Results
 Discussion
Study 2
 Method
  Participants and procedure.
  Measures.
 Results
 Discussion
Study 3
 Method
  Participants and procedure.
 Results
 Discussion
General Discussion
References

Correspondence to
Maurice Topper Weesperplein 4, 1018 XA, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Keywords
Repetitive Negative Thinking, Worry, Rumination, Transdiagnostic, Structural Equation Modelling

Dates
Received 10 Sep 2013; Revised 9 Dec 2013; Accepted 23 Jan 2014; In Press 21 Nov 2014







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