ISSN 2043-8087
Journal of Experimental Psychopathology
 Volume 5, Issue 4, 414-424, 2014
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Attention Effects of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy in Formerly Depressed Patients

Authors
  Josine Verhoeven - Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands and Department of Psychiatry, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre. The Netherlands.
  Janna Vrijsen - Department of Psychiatry, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre. The Netherlands
  Iris van Oostrom - Department of Psychiatry, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre. The Netherlands
  Anne Speckens - Department of Psychiatry, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre. The Netherlands
  Mike Rinck - Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands

Volume 5, Issue 4, 2014, Pages 414-424
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5127/jep.037513

Abstract
Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) is a group intervention designed to prevent relapse in recurrently depressed patients. It is not clear which cognitive processes accompany MBCT's clinical effects. This study examined effects of MBCT on attentional processes in remitted depressed patients in order to further identify the mechanisms of change in MBCT. Remitted depressed patients (N = 28) completed both subjective and objective measures of attention before and after participation in MBCT. The MBCT group was compared to a control group of remitted depressed patients not participating in MBCT (N = 26). While MBCT did not show effects on subjective measures of attention control or on sustained attention, the intervention did appear to be associated with less distraction by task-irrelevant stimuli, particularly negative stimuli. Our findings suggest that MBCT may decrease vulnerability to depression-related environmental cues and thereby decrease the risk of a relapse or recurrence of depression.

Table of Contents
Introduction
Methods
 Participants
 Intervention
 Measures
  Mood induction (MI).
  Questionnaires.
  Objective attention measures.
 Procedure
  Statistic analyses.
Results
 Group Characteristics
 Questionnaires
  Objective attention measures.
Discussion
Acknowledgements
References

Correspondence to
Josine E. Verhoeven, VU Medical Center – Department of Psychiatry, GGZ inGeest, room M1.05 – AJ Ernststraat 1187, PO Box 74077, 1070 BB Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Keywords
Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy; attention; bias; mindfulness; depression

Dates
Received 30 Jul 2013; Revised 6 Dec 2013; Accepted 23 Feb 2014; In Press 14 Dec 2014







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