ISSN 2043-8087
Journal of Experimental Psychopathology
 Volume 5, Issue 4, 477-491, 2014
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Mania Risk is Associated with Dominance Behavior in an Interpersonal Negotiation Task

  Daniel Fulford - University of Miami, Department of Psychology, Coral Gables, FL USA
  Sungchoon Sinclair - University of Miami, Department of Psychology, Coral Gables, FL USA
  Oliver John - University of California, Berkeley, Department of Psychology, Berkeley, CA USA
  Sheri Johnson - University of Miami, Department of Psychology, Coral Gables, FL USA

Volume 5, Issue 4, 2014, Pages 477-491

Researchers have noted strong parallels in the symptoms of mania—including grandiosity, hostility, goal-driven behavior, and overly sexualized behavior—and dominance. Drawing on these parallels, it has been hypothesized that bipolar disorder might be related to dysregulations of the dominance system, which includes dominance motivation, power, and dominance behavior. The goal of the current study was to consider whether manic tendencies related to the dominance system as measured in an ecologically valid experimental paradigm.
Participants took part in small group interactions in which they negotiated merit pay for candidates seeking promotion. They completed ratings of their own and peers’ dominance behaviors during the interaction. All participants also completed the Hypomanic Personality Scale to assess risk for mania, as well as scales to assess for current (hypo)mania and history of depression. Whereas history of depression was related to lower dominance motivation, mania risk was related to dominance behavior during the task, and peers rated this dominance behavior unfavorably. Findings provide a framework for understanding some of the social problems observed in bipolar disorder, with both depression history and mania risk contributing to dysregulations in the dominance system.

Table of Contents
  The Compensation Committee Task (CCT; John & Robins, 1994).
  Self and Peer Evaluations of Dominance.
  Observer-Based Measure of Dominance.
  Hypomanic Personality Scale (HPS; Eckblad & Chapman, 1986).
  Altman Self-Rating Mania Scale (ASRM; Altman, Hedeker, Peterson, & Davis, 1997).
  Inventory to Diagnose Depression-Lifetime (IDD-L; Zimmerman & Coryell, 1987).
  Willingly Approached Set of Statistically Unlikely Pursuits – Popular fame subscale (WASSUP; Johnson & Carver, 2006).
  Personality Research Form – Dominance scale (PRF-D; Jackson, 1974).
  Sense of Power Scale (SPS: Anderson, John, & Keltner, 2012).
 Statistical Analyses
 Preliminary Analyses
 Does Mania Risk Correlate with Dominance Behavior, Dominance Motivation, and Power?

Correspondence to
Sheri L. Johnson, Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, 3210 Tolman Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA.

Bipolar Disorder, Dominance, Power, Dominance Behavioral System, Mania Risk

Received 20 Dec 2013; Revised 26 Mar 2014; Accepted 4 Apr 2014; In Press 14 Dec 2014

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