ISSN 2043-8087
Journal of Experimental Psychopathology
 Volume 5, Issue 4, 514-527, 2014
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Effects of a Multi-session Cognitive Bias Modification Program on Interpretative Biases and Social Anxiety Symptoms in a Sample of Iranian Socially-Anxious Students

Authors
  Saemeh Khalili-Torghabeh - Faculty of Education and Psychology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.
  Javad Salehi Fadardi - Faculty of Education and Psychology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.
  Bundy Mackintosh - Department of Psychology, University of Essex, U.K
  Shirley Reynolds - Charlie Waller Institute, School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences, University of Reading, U.K
  Sirous Mobini - Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, UK

Volume 5, Issue 4, 2014, Pages 514-527
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5127/jep.037713

Abstract
This study examines the effects of a multi-session Cognitive Bias Modification (CBM) program on interpretative biases and social anxiety in an Iranian sample. Thirty-six volunteers with a high score on social anxiety measures were recruited from a student population and randomly allocated into the experimental and control groups. In the experimental group, participants received 4 sessions of positive CBM for interpretative biases (CBM-I) over 2 weeks in the laboratory. Participants in the control condition completed a neutral task matched the active CBM-I intervention in format and duration but did not encourage positive disambiguation of socially ambiguous scenarios.
The results indicated that after training the positive CBM-I group exhibited more positive (and less negative) interpretations of ambiguous scenarios and less social anxiety symptoms relative to the control condition at both 1 week post-test and 7 weeks follow-up. It is suggested that clinical trials are required to establish the clinical efficacy of this intervention for social anxiety.

Table of Contents
Introduction
Method
 Participants
 Measures
  Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale (FNE, Watson & Friend, 1969):
  Social Avoidance and Distress Scale (SADs, Watson & Friend, 1969):
  Beck’s Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II, Beck, Steer, & Brown, 1996):
  Recognition test
 Interventions
  Cognitive Bias Modification to Induce Positive Interpretation (Mathews & Mackintosh, 2000)
  CBM-I Control Condition
 Design
 Procedure
 Apparatus
 Data Analysis
Results
 Baselines measures
  Interpretative bias
  Social Anxiety
Discussion
Conclusions
References

Correspondence to
Dr Sirous Mobini, Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, London, WC1N 3AR, United Kingdom.

Keywords
negative interpretation, cognitive bias modification, social anxiety

Dates
Received 21 Aug 2013; Revised 21 Apr 2014; Accepted 15 May 2014; In Press 14 Dec 2014







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