ISSN 2043-8087
Journal of Experimental Psychopathology
 Volume 6, Issue 1, 28-39, 2015
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The effects of a self-esteem manipulation on body dissatisfaction in binge eating disorder

Authors
  Eva Naumann - Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany
  Brunna Tuschen-Caffier - Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany
  Monika Trentowska - Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany
  Detlef Caffier - Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany
  Jennifer Svaldi - Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany

Volume 6, Issue 1, 2015, Pages 28-39
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5127/jep.040213

Abstract
Current cognitive-behavioral models on the etiology of eating disorders propose low self-esteem to be causally linked with body image disturbances. Thus, the aim of the present study was to experimentally test the influence of state self-esteem on actual body dissatisfaction in binge eating disorder (BED). Twenty-six women with BED were assigned to either a positive or negative implicit manipulation of self-esteem. Thereafter, participants’ actual body dissatisfaction and emotions were measured prior to and after a one minute mirror exposure. Main results reveal that after the negative compared to the positive self-esteem manipulation body dissatisfaction was significantly lower both prior to and after the mirror exposure. By contrast, no effects of the self-esteem manipulation were found on emotional ratings. In line with predictions by current cognitive-behavioral models, the results yield some evidence of the deteriorating effects of low self-esteem on body dissatisfaction in BED.

Table of Contents
Introduction
Method
 Participants
 Manipulation of self-esteem
 Manipulation check
 Self-report assessments of body dissatisfaction, emotions and attention towards specific body parts
 Questionnaires
 Procedure
 Statistical analyses
Results
 Self-esteem manipulation check
 Effects of manipulated self-esteem on body dissatisfaction
 Effects of manipulated self-esteem on Attentional Satisfaction and Attractiveness scores
 Effects of manipulated self-esteem on emotions
Discussion
Acknowledgements
References

Correspondence to
Eva Naumann, University of Freiburg, Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Engelbergerstrasse 41, 79106 Freiburg, Germany.

Keywords
binge eating disorder; body dissatisfaction; body image disturbance; mirror exposure; self-esteem, implicit manipulation.

Dates
Received 17 Nov 2013; Revised 14 Apr 2014; Accepted 1 Jul 2014; In Press 5 Apr 2015







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