ISSN 2043-8087
Journal of Experimental Psychopathology
 Volume 6, Issue 1, 100-111, 2015
Abstract  E-mail Abstract   Article Purchase as PDF 
Return to Issue List 
Experimental Modification of Appraisal Style: Benefits of Seeing the Big Picture

  Janna Miller - The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Educational Psychology, USA
  Stephanie Rude - The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Educational Psychology, USA
  Morgynn Haner - The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Educational Psychology, USA

Volume 6, Issue 1, 2015, Pages 100-111

Big picture appraisal (BPA) entails viewing difficult situations and one’s reactions to them in terms of a larger context. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether big picture appraisal could be induced using cognitive bias modification (CBM); whether the trained appraisal style could be observed on other tasks; and whether emotional reactivity would be affected. Participants read vignettes that differed between conditions only by the final word or phrase, presented as a to-be-completed fragment. As predicted, participants showed generalization of training effects to the interpretations of new vignettes and showed effects of training on the Scrambled Sentences Test, a measure of cognitive bias that entailed unscrambling sentences under time pressure to form statements that were consistent or not with big picture thinking. In addition, participants in the big picture as compared to the control condition showed a trend toward less negative mood following failure feedback.

Table of Contents
  Appraisal training conditions.
  Generalization of training task (manipulation check).
  Mood measure—positive and negative affect schedule (PANAS; Watson, Clark, & Tellegen, 1988).
  Ruminative Response Scale- 10 item version (RRS; Nolen-Hoeksema & Morrow, 1991; Treynor, Gonzalez, & Nolen-Hoeksema, 2003)
  Remote Associations Task (RAT) with failure feedback.
  Scrambled Sentences Test for Big Picture Appraisal (SST-BPA; Haner et al., 2013, May).
 Descriptive Statistics
 Testing the Generalization of Appraisal Style to a Similar Task (Manipulation Check)
 Testing the Effectiveness of the RAT Stressor Task in Changing Mood (Manipulation Check)
 Testing the Effect of Training on Mood Before and After a Stressor
  Mood immediately following training.
  Mood following the RAT failure task.
 Testing the Effect of Training on the Scrambled Sentences Task

Correspondence to
Janna Miller, Department of Educational Psychology, University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station D5800, Austin, TX 78712.

appraisal, emotion regulation, cognitive bias modification, context

Received 14 Mar 2014; Revised 25 Jul 2014; Accepted 28 Jul 2014; In Press 5 Apr 2015

Bookmark and Share

Related articles by AUTHORS
None Found

Related articles by KEYWORDS
Cognitive distortions under cognitive load mediate the relationship between severity of borderline personality features and goal-interfering emotion dysregulation.
(emotion regulation)

The Effects of Expressive and Experiential Suppression on Memory Accuracy and Memory Distortion in Women with and Without PTSD
(emotion regulation)

Effect of Suppression, Reappraisal, and Acceptance of Emotional Pictures on Acoustic Eye-Blink Startle Magnitude
(emotion regulation)

Borderline Personality Features Moderate Emotion Reactivity and Emotion Regulation in Response to a Fear Stressor
(emotion regulation)

Behavioral Indicators of Emotional Avoidance and Subsequent Worry in Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Depression
(emotion regulation)

Emotion Regulation: A Heuristic Paradigm for Psychopathology
(emotion regulation)

Emotion Regulation in Borderline Personality Disorder: Examining the Consequences of Spontaneous and Instructed Use of Emotion Suppression and Emotion Acceptance when Viewing Negative Films
(emotion regulation)

Chasing Clarity: Rumination as a Strategy for Making Sense of Emotions
(emotion regulation)

The Relationship between Rumination and Affective, Cognitive, and Physiological Responses to Stress in Adolescents
(emotion regulation)

Effects of a Multi-session Cognitive Bias Modification Program on Interpretative Biases and Social Anxiety Symptoms in a Sample of Iranian Socially-Anxious Students
(cognitive bias modification)

© Copyright 2009-2016 Textrum Ltd . All rights reserved. Published in the UK. - Contact Us Advertise | Privacy Policy | Terms of Use