ISSN 2043-8087
Journal of Experimental Psychopathology
 Volume 6, Issue 3, 230-241, 2015
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An Investigation of the Effects of Worry and Anger on Threatening Interpretations and Hostile Attributions of Ambiguous Situations

  Sonya Deschenes - Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
  Michel Dugas - Centre for Clinical Research in Health
  Jean-Philippe Gouin - Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Volume 6, Issue 3, 2015, Pages 230-241

Individuals with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) frequently report elevated anger. Information processing biases may underlie this finding. We examined the effects of worry (n = 51) and anger rumination (n = 50) inductions, relative to relaxation (n = 49), on information processing biases associated with GAD and trait anger using an experimental design. We also examined whether participants who met diagnostic criteria for GAD via self-report (n = 41) exhibited greater negative information processing styles than less anxious individuals (n = 109) following the mood inductions. Participants completed tasks assessing threatening interpretations of ambiguous situations and hostile and benign attributions of ambiguous intent. There were no differences in information processing across the three conditions. However, GAD analogues demonstrated greater threatening interpretations and hostile attributions than their less anxious counterparts, regardless of experimental condition. This suggests that GAD symptoms relate to both threatening interpretation and hostile attribution biases.

Table of Contents
Current affective state.
Measures of GAD symptoms.
Measure of trait anger.
Dependent variables.
Data Screening and Randomization Checks
Manipulation Checks
Effects of the Experimental Manipulation on Information Processing
GAD and Information Processing

Correspondence to
Michel J. Dugas, Ph.D., Département de psychoéducation et de psychologie, Université du Québec en Outaouais, 283 Boulevard Alexandre-Taché, P. O. Box 1250, Station Hull; Gatineau, Québec, Canada, J8X 3X7.

generalized anxiety disorder; worry; anger; hostility; interpretation bias; hostile attributions

Received 16 Jul 2014; Revised 8 Jan 2015; Accepted 20 Jan 2015; In Press 2 Oct 2015

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