ISSN 2043-8087
Journal of Experimental Psychopathology
 Volume 6, Issue 4, 398-410, 2015
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Autobiographical Memory Specificity and Non-Suicidal Self-Injury in Borderline Personality Disorder

Authors
  Kris Van den Broeck - Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Leuven and University Psychiatric Centre KU Leuven, Campus Kortenberg
  Laurence Claes - Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Leuven
  Guido Pieters - Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Leuven and University Psychiatric Centre KU Leuven, Campus Kortenberg
  Ann Berens - Psychiatric Hospital, Duffel
  Filip Raes - Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Leuven

Volume 6, Issue 4, 2015, Pages 398-410
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5127/jep.042214

Abstract
It has been suggested that patients diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD) use a variety of maladaptive affect-regulation strategies, including non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). Another, cognitive manner considered to regulate negative affect, is overgeneral memory (OGM). OGM refers to the tendency to recall categories of events, rather than specific episodes. OGM is frequently observed in depressed and traumatised patients. Contrary to the expectations, patients with BPD only inconsistently show OGM. This study investigated how NSSI and OGM relate to each other in BPD patients. Based on earlier findings (Startup et al., 2001), we hypothesized that NSSI and OGM would be inversely related. Fifty three BPD patients completed the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Disorders, the Autobiographical Memory Test to assess OGM, and the Self-Injury Questionnaire – Treatment Related (SIQ-TR) to assess NSSI. We found no significant differences in OGM between patients with and without NSSI. However, we found that participants who used more NSSI methods showed less OGM, but this association disappeared when we controlled for age. We propose a balance-model of affect-regulation as one possible explanation for the negative relationship between these two affect-regulation strategies.

Table of Contents
Introduction
Method
 Participants
 Instruments
  Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Disorders, Axis II (SCID-II, First, Gibbon, Spitzer, Williams, & Benjamin, 1997; Dutch translation by Weertman, Arntz, & Kerkhofs, 2000).
  Autobiographical Memory Test (AMT, Williams & Broadbent, 1986; Dutch version).
  Self-Injury Questionnaire-Treatment Related (SIQ-TR; Claes, Vandereycken, & Vertommen, 2007b).
 Procedure
Results
 Descriptive statistics
 The relationship between memory specificity and NSSI
Discussion
Acknowledgements
 Role of funding source
References

Correspondence to
Kris Van den Broeck, UPC K.U. Leuven Campus Kortenberg, Leuvensesteenweg 517, B-3070 Kortenberg, Belgium.

Keywords
borderline personality disorder, overgeneral memory, non-suicidal self-injury, affect-regulation

Dates
Received 27 Mar 2014; Revised 28 Mar 2015; Accepted 21 Apr 2015; In Press 30 Dec 2015









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