| Volume 6, Issue 4, 398-410, 2015 |
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|Autobiographical Memory Specificity and Non-Suicidal Self-Injury in Borderline Personality Disorder|
| Kris Van den Broeck - Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Leuven and University Psychiatric Centre KU Leuven, Campus Kortenberg|
| Laurence Claes - Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Leuven|
| Guido Pieters - Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Leuven and University Psychiatric Centre KU Leuven, Campus Kortenberg|
| Ann Berens - Psychiatric Hospital, Duffel|
| Filip Raes - Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Leuven|
|Volume 6, Issue 4, 2015, Pages 398-410|
|It has been suggested that patients diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD) use a variety of maladaptive affect-regulation strategies, including non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). Another, cognitive manner considered to regulate negative affect, is overgeneral memory (OGM). OGM refers to the tendency to recall categories of events, rather than specific episodes. OGM is frequently observed in depressed and traumatised patients. Contrary to the expectations, patients with BPD only inconsistently show OGM. This study investigated how NSSI and OGM relate to each other in BPD patients. Based on earlier findings (Startup et al., 2001), we hypothesized that NSSI and OGM would be inversely related. Fifty three BPD patients completed the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Disorders, the Autobiographical Memory Test to assess OGM, and the Self-Injury Questionnaire – Treatment Related (SIQ-TR) to assess NSSI. We found no significant differences in OGM between patients with and without NSSI. However, we found that participants who used more NSSI methods showed less OGM, but this association disappeared when we controlled for age. We propose a balance-model of affect-regulation as one possible explanation for the negative relationship between these two affect-regulation strategies. |
|Table of Contents|
Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Disorders, Axis II (SCID-II, First, Gibbon, Spitzer, Williams, & Benjamin, 1997; Dutch translation by Weertman, Arntz, & Kerkhofs, 2000).
Autobiographical Memory Test (AMT, Williams & Broadbent, 1986; Dutch version).
Self-Injury Questionnaire-Treatment Related (SIQ-TR; Claes, Vandereycken, & Vertommen, 2007b).
The relationship between memory specificity and NSSI
Role of funding source
|Kris Van den Broeck, UPC K.U. Leuven Campus Kortenberg, Leuvensesteenweg 517, B-3070 Kortenberg, Belgium. |
|borderline personality disorder, overgeneral memory, non-suicidal self-injury, affect-regulation |
|Received 27 Mar 2014; Revised 28 Mar 2015; Accepted 21 Apr 2015; In Press 30 Dec 2015 |