ISSN 2043-8087
Journal of Experimental Psychopathology
 Volume 7, Issue 2, 160-171, 2016
Abstract  E-mail Abstract   Article Download as PDF 
Return to Issue List 
Free Article Focussing Attention on Oneself Increases the Perception of Being Observed by Others

Authors
  Lauren Canvin - University of Oxford
  Magdalena Janecka - University of Oxford
  David Clark - University of Oxford

Volume 7, Issue 2, 2016, Pages 160-171
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5127/jep.047315

Abstract
Patients with Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) often report elevated levels of self-focussed evaluative attention (SFEA), and seem excessively concerned with being observed by others. This study tested whether SFEA increases the perception of being observed by others. A sample of 52 high and 52 low socially anxious participants estimated the percentage of people ‘looking at you’ in several matrices of faces. A control task used matrices of clock. SFEA was manipulated. As predicted, increasing SFEA led to significantly higher estimates of people ‘looking at you’ in both groups. Estimates on the control task were not affected by SFEA, thus the effects appear specific to social stimuli. These findings suggest that the increased levels of SFEA that characterise patients with SAD could contribute to their enhanced perception of being observed by others. The findings have implications for the role of attention training in the treatment of SAD.

Table of Contents
Introduction
Method
 Design
 Participant Characteristics
 Questionnaire Measures
 Stimuli and tasks
  Faces Task.
  Clocks Task.
 Attention Manipulation
 Procedure
Results
 Validation of computer tasks
 Self-Focus Manipulation checks
 Testing of main hypotheses
Discussion
Acknowledgements
References

Correspondence to
Ms Lauren Canvin

Keywords
social anxiety, social phobia, self-focussed evaluative attention, self-focussed attention, cognitive model, perception of being observed

Dates
Received 12 Feb 2015; Revised 11 Dec 2015; Accepted 11 Dec 2015; In Press 7 Feb 2016







Bookmark and Share

Related articles by AUTHORS
Within-person process-outcome relationships in residential cognitive and interpersonal psychotherapy for social anxiety disorder: A reanalysis using disaggregated data
(Clark)

Related articles by KEYWORDS
Blending in at the Cost of Losing Oneself: Dishonest Self-Disclosure Erodes Self-Concept Clarity in Social Anxiety
(social anxiety)

Self-evaluation, social and cognitive performance in children with social phobia
(social phobia)

Manipulating self-focused attention in children with social anxiety disorder and in socially anxious and non-anxious children
(social phobia)

Subjective and Objective Arousal Correspondence and the Role of Self-monitoring Processes in High and Low Socially Anxious Youth
(social anxiety)

Biased self-perception of social skills in anxious children: The role of state anxiety
(social phobia)

Peer liking, physical attractiveness, and anxiety disorders in children
(social phobia)

Friend or Foe? Memory and Expectancy Biases for Faces in Social Anxiety
(social anxiety)

Choking Under Pressure: Degrading Flashforwards Related To Performance Anxiety
(social phobia)

The Effects of Repeated Imagery Practice on Self-Concept, Anxiety and Performance in Socially Anxious Participants
(social anxiety)

Comparing Fear of Positive Evaluation to Fear of Negative Evaluation in Predicting Anxiety from a Social Challenge
(social anxiety)

Cognitive Theory and Therapy for Command Hallucinations
(cognitive model)

Effects of a Multi-session Cognitive Bias Modification Program on Interpretative Biases and Social Anxiety Symptoms in a Sample of Iranian Socially-Anxious Students
(social anxiety)

The Speech Performance Observation Scale for Youth (SPOSY): Assessing Social Performance Characteristics Related to Social Anxiety
(social anxiety)

Does self-focused attention in social anxiety depend on self-construal? Evidence from a probe detection paradigm
(social anxiety,social phobia)

“It’s not just about being judged”: Interpersonal distrust uniquely contributes to social anxiety
(social anxiety)

Metacognitive Therapy Applications in Social Phobia: An Exploratory Study of the Individual and Combined Effects of the Attention Training Technique and Situational Attentional Refocusing
(social phobia)

The pernicious effects of post-event processing in social anxiety disorder
(social anxiety)

A Cognitive Model of Psychological Resilience
(cognitive model)

Controlling the bias: Inhibitory attentional control moderates the association between social anxiety and selective attentional responding to negative social information in children and adolescents
(social anxiety)

Reactions to Prospective Positive vs. Negative Evaluation in the Laboratory: A Comparison of High and Low Socially Anxious Participants
(social anxiety)

Within-person process-outcome relationships in residential cognitive and interpersonal psychotherapy for social anxiety disorder: A reanalysis using disaggregated data
(social phobia)

Innovations in our Understanding of The Development, Maintenance, and Treatment of Social Anxiety: Introduction to The Special Issue
(social anxiety)

Are you watching me? Interacting effects of fear of negative evaluation and social context on cognitive performance
(social anxiety)




© Copyright 2009-2016 Textrum Ltd . All rights reserved. Published in the UK. - Contact Us Advertise | Privacy Policy | Terms of Use