| Volume 7, Issue 1, 31-40, 2016 |
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|“It’s not just about being judged”: Interpersonal distrust uniquely contributes to social anxiety|
| Mathew Fetzner - University of Regina, 3737 Wascana Parkway, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada|
| Michelle Teale Sapach - University of Regina, 3737 Wascana Parkway, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada|
| Myriah Mulvogue - University of Regina, 3737 Wascana Parkway, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada|
| Nicholas Carleton - University of Regina, 3737 Wascana Parkway, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada|
|Volume 7, Issue 1, 2016, Pages 31-40|
|Fears of evaluation are central to defining social anxiety disorder (SAD); notwithstanding, evidence suggests that interpersonal distrust and perceived ineffectiveness are distinct constructs, prevalent among individuals with SAD. To date, no studies have assessed the independent contributions of interpersonal distrust and perceived ineffectiveness to SAD severity beyond fears of evaluation. In total 151 community-dwelling adults (80% women) with anxiety histories completed questionnaires as part of a larger study. Hierarchal regression analyses indicated that interpersonal distrust, but not perceived ineffectiveness, contributed significant amounts of variance to SAD severity after partitioning out variance from depressive symptoms and fear of negative and positive evaluation. Concertedly, findings suggest that although fears of evaluation are seminal to SAD severity, distrust of others may also uniquely exacerbate symptoms of social anxiety. Clinical and research implications are discussed herein. |
|Table of Contents|
Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation scale, straight forward items (BFNE-S; Rodebaugh et al., 2004; Weeks etal., 2005).
Fear of Positive Evaluation Scale (FPES; Weeks, Heimberg, & Rodebaugh, 2008).
Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale – Short version (CESD-S; Carleton, Thibodeau et al.,2013; Radloff, 1977).
Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI; Garner et al., 1983).
Social Interaction Phobia Scale (SIPS; Carleton et al., 2009).
Conflicts of Interests
|Mathew G. Fetzner, M.A., Anxiety and Illness Behaviours Laboratory, Department of Psychology, University of Regina, Regina, SK, Canada, S4S 0A2. |
|social anxiety, perceived ineffectiveness, interpersonal distrust, fear of negative evaluation, fear of positive evaluation. |
|Received 31 Mar 2014; Revised 9 Oct 2014; Accepted 23 Feb 2015; In Press 19 Mar 2016 |