ISSN 2043-8087
Journal of Experimental Psychopathology
 Volume 7, Issue 3, 360-373, 2016
Abstract  E-mail Abstract   Article Purchase as PDF 
Return to Issue List 
The Role of Attachment Anxiety in Maternal Attentional Processing of their Child’s Face: An Eye-Tracking Study

Authors
  Eva Vandevivere - Department of Developmental, Personality and Social Psychology, Ghent University, Gent, Belgium
  Sofie van de Brande - Department of Developmental, Personality and Social Psychology, Ghent University, Gent, Belgium
  Guy Bosmans - Parenting and Special Education Research Unit, Catholic University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
  Sven Mueller - Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Gent, Belgium
  Caroline Braet - Department of Developmental, Personality and Social Psychology, Ghent University, Gent, Belgium

Volume 7, Issue 3, 2016, Pages 360-373
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5127/jep.053015

Abstract
Although mother’s attention to offspring is deemed important to support their offspring’s secure attachment development, little research tested this association. The current study aimed to test the hypothesis that how mothers orient their attention to their offspring is linked to differences in offspring’s attachment style. Additionally, we tested whether this association depended on which emotions children express. 29 mothers participated with their offspring (48.3% girls; ages 9 to 15 years, M = 10.93, SD = 1.67). Across two experimental blocks, eye movements were recorded as mothers viewed photographs of offspring and unfamiliar children showing neutral (block 1) and facial expressions of fearful, happy and sad (block 2). Offspring’s self-reported attachment anxiety was related to increased maintained attention of the mother on the offspring’s neutral face, while more attachment security was related to reduced maintained attention. With regard to emotional faces, mothers of more anxiously attached children showed more maintained attention on all emotional expressions of their offspring, including sadness. Furthermore, we found a positive attentional bias of mothers with more securely attached children; increased attention on the offspring’s happy face was found. No attentional processes were found for attachment avoidance. Different attachment-related parenting behaviors, leading to a specific attachment style of the offspring, could be explained by these attentional allocations.

Table of Contents
Introduction
 The Present Study
Method
 Participants
 Instruments
  Experimental task.
 Questionnaire measures.
  Attachment anxiety and avoidance.
  Attachment security.
 Procedure
 Eye Movement Variables of Interest
  Total viewing time.
  Maintained attention.
Results
 Data Analytical Method
 Missing Data
 Descriptive Statistics
 Preliminary Analysis
  The effect of Familiarity on the dependent variables
  The effects of age or gender on the dependent variables.
  Block 1 Analysis: Associations Between Mothers’ Attention to Familiar and Unfamiliar Neutral Faces and Child Self-Reported Attachment
  Block 2 Analysis: Associations Between Mothers’ Attention to Familiar and Unfamiliar Emotional Faces and Child Self-Reported Attachment
Discussion
References

Correspondence to
Sven C. Mueller, Henri Dunantlaan 2, 9000 Ghent, Belgium

Keywords
attachment, eye tracking, development, adolescents, anxiety, attention, emotion

Dates
Received 25 Nov 2015; Revised 16 Jun 2016; Accepted 16 Jun 2016; In Press 26 Jun 2016







Bookmark and Share

Related articles by AUTHORS
None Found

Related articles by KEYWORDS
Pathological Worry in Children: What is Currently Known?
(adolescents)

Worry, Mood and Stop Rules in Young Adolescents: Does the Mood-as-Input Theory Apply?
(adolescents)

Test of the Metacognitive Model of Generalized Anxiety Disorder in Anxiety-Disordered Adolescents
(anxiety)

Modulation of responses to emotional information in pathological anxiety
(anxiety)

Anxiety Psychopathology and Alcohol Use among Adolescents: A Critical Review of the Empirical Literature and Recommendations for Future Research
(anxiety)

Differential Emotional Responding to Ideographic Cues of Traumatic Interpersonal Violence Compared to Non-Interpersonal Traumatic Experiences
(emotion)

Girls' and mothers' spider fear, maternal control and autonomy granting behavior, and the role of threat intensity during a spider exposure task
(anxiety)

Emotion processing in infancy: Specificity in risk for social anxiety and associations with two-year outcomes
(anxiety)

Biased self-perception of social skills in anxious children: The role of state anxiety
(anxiety)

Anxiety symptoms influence the effect of post-trauma interventions after analogue trauma
(anxiety)

Greater Positive Affect Change after Mental Imagery than Verbal Thinking in a Student Sample
(emotion)

Biased Cognition in Psychosis
(attention)

Repressive Coping Style and Mnemic Neglect
(anxiety)

Anxiety-Related Biases in Visual Orienting and Spatial Motor Response Selection Independently Assessed By a Probe-Classification Task
(anxiety)

Difficulty Disengaging from Threat in Anxiety: Preliminary Evidence for Delayed Response Execution
(anxiety,attention)

The Impact of State Anxiety on Fear Inhibition
(anxiety)

Borderline Personality Features Moderate Emotion Reactivity and Emotion Regulation in Response to a Fear Stressor
(emotion)

Behavioral Indicators of Emotional Avoidance and Subsequent Worry in Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Depression
(emotion)

A Laboratory Investigation of Anxious Cognition: How Subliminal Cues Alter Perceptual Sensitivity to Threat
(anxiety)

Negative Priming in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder and Schizophrenia: Association with Symptom Patterns
(attention)

Video-Based Analysis of Bodily Startle and Subsequent Emotional Facial Expression in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
(emotion)

Are Poor Sleepers Afraid of the Dark? A Preliminary Investigation
(anxiety)

Is Selective Attention in Anxiety Characterised by Biased Attentional Engagement with or Disengagement from Threat: Evidence from a Colour-Naming Paradigm
(anxiety)

Social Anxiety Disorder and Global/Local Performance on a Visuospatial Processing Task
(attention)

Intolerance of Uncertainty and Immediate Decision-Making in High-Risk Situations
(anxiety)

Chasing Clarity: Rumination as a Strategy for Making Sense of Emotions
(emotion)

An Eye Tracking Study of the Time Course of Attention to Positive and Negative Images in Dysphoric and Non-dysphoric Individuals
(attention,emotion,eye tracking)

Diminished physiological flexibility is associated with intolerance of uncertainty during affective decision making in adolescence.
(anxiety)

The Speech Performance Observation Scale for Youth (SPOSY): Assessing Social Performance Characteristics Related to Social Anxiety
(adolescents)

The Moderating Role of Attention Biases to Threat on the Link between Behavioral Inhibition and Anxiety in Children
(anxiety)

Analogue PTSD Symptoms are Best Predicted by State Rumination
(anxiety)

Magnitude of conditioned responses to threat and safety cues as predictors of anxiety symptoms in high risk children: A twelve-month follow-up
(anxiety)

A Bi-Factor Approach to Modeling the Structure of Worry and Rumination
(anxiety)

The “How” and the “Why” of Restoring Goal-Pursuit after a Failure: A Pilot Intervention Study
(anxiety)

The subjective-objective dysjunction in psychometrically-defined schizotypy: What it is and why it is important.
(emotion)




© Copyright 2009-2016 Textrum Ltd . All rights reserved. Published in the UK. - Contact Us Advertise | Privacy Policy | Terms of Use