ISSN 2043-8087
Journal of Experimental Psychopathology
 Volume 7, Issue 3, 499-510, 2016
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The cognitive and emotional effects of cognitive bias modification in interpretations in behaviorally inhibited youth

Authors
  Lauren White - National Inst. of Mental Health
  Jenna Suway - San Diego State University
  Daniel Pine - National Inst. of Mental Health
  Andy Field - Univ. of Sussex
  Kathryn Lester - Univ. of Sussex
  Peter Muris - Maastricht Univ.
  Yair Bar-Haim - Tel-Aviv Univ.
  Nathan Fox - Univ. of Maryland

Volume 7, Issue 3, 2016, Pages 499-510
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5127/jep.053615

Abstract
Cognitive bias modification (CBM) procedures follow from the view that interpretive biases play an important role in the development and maintenance of anxiety. As such, understanding the link between interpretive biases and anxiety in youth at risk for anxiety (e.g., behaviorally inhibited children) could elucidate the mechanisms involved in the development of pediatric anxiety. However, to date, the majority of CBM-I work only studies adult populations. The present article presents the results of a CBM study examining effects of positive interpretive bias modification on mood, stress vulnerability, and threat-related attention bias in a group of behaviorally inhibited children (n = 45). Despite successful modification of interpretive bias in the at-risk youth, minimal effects on stress vulnerability or threat-related attention bias were found. The current findings highlight the need for continued research on cognitive biases in anxiety.

Table of Contents
Introduction
Methods
 Participants
 Procedures
 Measures
  Interpretive Bias Modification and Assessments
  Attention Bias Assessment
  Emotional Vulnerability Assessment
  Questionnaire and Self-report measures
  Statistical Analyses
Results
 Inter-correlations Between Study Variables at Baseline
 Training Effects on Interpretative Bias
 Training Effects on Attention Bias to Threat
 Training Effects on Mood and Emotional Vulnerability to Stress
Discussion
Acknowledgements
References

Correspondence to
Lauren K. White, National Institute of Mental Health, Bldg. 15K, MSC 2670, Bethesda, MD 20892-2670.

Keywords
Anxiety; Attention Bias to Threat; Behavioral Inhibition; Cognitive Bias Modification; Negative Interpretative Bias

Dates
Received 1 Dec 2015; Revised 29 Jun 2016; Accepted 29 Jun 2016; In Press 3 Jul 2016









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