ISSN 2043-8087
Journal of Experimental Psychopathology
 Volume 2, Issue 1, 77-92, 2011
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Overgeneral Memory in Binge Eating Disorder is Linked to Binge Frequency

Authors
Jennifer Svaldi, Mounia Ababneh, Monika Trentowska & Brunna Tuschen-Caffier
University of Freiburg, Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Germany

Volume 2, Issue 1, 2011, Pages 77-92
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5127/jep.007310

Abstract
Research on memory biases in binge eating disorder (BED) has primarily analyzed the content of disorder specific thoughts such as memory for eating, shape and weight related words. By investigating recall of autobiographical memories (AM) in individuals with BED, this study primarily focused on recollection strategies. Such strategies include individuals’ number of recalled specific and categoric AM on the autobiographical memory test (AMT) and have previously been shown to be implicated in the maintenance of emotional disorders. Thirty women with BED and 24 overweight healthy controls (HC) were compared on the AMT with six positively and six negatively valenced cues. Women with BED retrieved more categoric memories and produced more omissions to positively valenced cues than HC. There was also a significant and positive correlation of categoric memories and binge frequency, suggesting that overgenerality may function as a maintenance factor of eating pathology in BED.

Table of Contents
Introduction
Method
  Participants
  Measures
  Procedure
Results
  Autobiographical memory test
  The role of depression in the retrieval of AM
  The role of BMI on AM retrieval
  Correlations
Discussion
References

Correspondence to
Jennifer Svaldi, University of Freiburg, Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Engelbergerstrasse 41, 79106 Freiburg, Germany.

Keywords
Autobiographical memory, overgenerality, binge eating disorder, binge frequency, memory specificity

Dates
Received 20 Apr 2010; Revised 14 Sep 2010; Accepted 14 Sep 2010; In Press 31 Jan 2011







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