ISSN 2043-8087
Journal of Experimental Psychopathology
 Volume 7, Issue 3, 484-498, 2016
Abstract  E-mail Abstract   Article Purchase as PDF 
Return to Issue List 
Attention and Interpretation Biases and Attention Control in Youth with Social Anxiety Disorder

  Lee Pergamin-Hight - School of Psychological Sciences, Tel-Aviv Univers
  Shani Bitton - School of Psychological Sciences, Tel-Aviv Univers
  Daniel S. Pine - Emotion and Development Branch, Intramural Researc
  Nathan A. Fox - Department of Human Development and Quantitative M
  Yair Bar-Haim - School of Psychological Sciences, Sagol School of

Volume 7, Issue 3, 2016, Pages 484-498

Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is associated with threat-related attention and interpretation biases.  Recent research suggests that attention control abilities moderate these associations.  The current study examines threat-related attentional engagement and disengagement biases, negative interpretation bias, and attention control among youth with SAD (n=71) and non-anxious youth (n=42).  We further explore interactions between cognitive biases, and between these biases and attention control, in predicting SAD.  Relative to non-anxious, youth with SAD had poorer attention control, t(111)=6.32, p<.001, greater difficulty disengaging from angry faces, t(107)=1.98, p=.05, and a negative biased interpretation of ambiguous social scenarios, t(111)=-2.38,p =.01.  Unlike previous reports, no interactions were found among these factors in relation to SAD diagnosis or symptoms.  The present results add to research on cognitive biases in anxious children, emphasizing a distinct contribution of each of these cognitive mechanisms, rather than their interactional influences.  Findings are discussed in relation to cognitive developmental models of anxiety.

Table of Contents
 Threat-Related Attention Bias - Emotion Spatial-Cuing Task
 Interpretation Bias
 General Procedure
 Data Analysis
 Groups Characteristics
 Primary Analysis - Clinician Reported Diagnostic Status
 Secondary Analysis - Youth Self-Reported Symptom Severity

Correspondence to
Lee Pergamin-Hight, School of Psychological Sciences, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, 69978, Isreal

social anxiety; attention bias; interpretation bias; attention control; pediatric anxiety

Received 28 Nov 2015; Revised 30 Jun 2016; Accepted 30 Jun 2016; In Press 3 Jul 2016

© Copyright 2009-2016 Textrum Ltd . All rights reserved. Published in the UK. - Contact Us Advertise | Privacy Policy | Terms of Use