ISSN 2043-8087
Journal of Experimental Psychopathology
 Volume 7, Issue 4, 601-607, 2016
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Metacognition and Perspective Taking Predict Negative Self-Evaluation of Social Performance in Patients with SAD

  Hans M Nordahl - Institute of Neuromedicine, NTNU, St.Olavs University Hospital, Nidaros DPS, Trondheim, Norway
  Henrik Nordahl - Department of Psychology, NTNU, Trondheim, Norway
  Adrian Wells - Division of Psychology and Mental Health, University of Manchester, UK

Volume 7, Issue 4, 2016, Pages 601-607


This study set out to test two sets of predictors of negative self-evaluation of performance in social anxiety disorder: metacognitive beliefs and perspective taking in self-imagery. Forty-seven patients with DSM-IV social anxiety disorder were asked to engage in a speech task. Before the task metacognitive beliefs were assessed and after the task perspective taking in self-imagery and negative self-evaluations of performance was measured. Positive metacognitive beliefs about worrying and observer perspective imagery were positively correlated with negative self-evaluation. Hierarchical regression showed that age, and both positive metacognitive beliefs and the observer perspective were individual predictors of negative self-evaluation. The results suggest that cognitive models, especially those formulating the self-concept should incorporate metacognitive factors.

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Correspondence to
Hans M Nordahl, Ph. D, Institute of Neuromedicine, NTNU, 7441 Trondheim, Norway.

social anxiety disorder, metacognition, negative self-evaluation, beliefs, perspective taking, imagery

Received 4 Feb 2016; Revised 2 Sep 2016; Accepted 2 Sep 2016; In Press 25 Sep 2016

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