| Volume 8, Issue 2, 192-213, 2017 |
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| Analogue PTSD Symptoms are Best Predicted by State Rumination|
| Tanja Michael - Saarland University|
| Elena Holz - Saarland University|
| Johanna Lass-Hennemann - Saarland University|
|Volume 8, Issue 2, 2017, Pages 192-213|
|Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a severe mental disorder characterized by distressing intrusions. Since not all traumatized individuals develop PTSD, it is important to understand its underlying risk factors. So far, several psychological and physiological risk factors have been identified. However, these factors have rarely been examined together. An excellent tool to assess analogue PTSD in a prospective manner is the trauma film paradigm. This study examined relevant psychological and physiological factors in 60 healthy participants before, during and after the presentation of an ”traumatic” film clip, including rumination, dissociation, anxiety, mood, cortisol and psychophysiology measures. Moreover, we assessed intrusions and administered the Impact of Event Scale – Revised for one week following the “trauma”. While none of the physiological variables was predictive, state rumination together with state anxiety and trait dissociation predicted analogue PTSD symptoms in slightly different patterns. Practical implications are discussed with regard to PTSD. |
|Table of Contents|
Technical Devices and Programs
“Traumatic” Film Clip
Pre film: psychological measurements and cortisol.
Peri film: psychological measures, physiological measures and cortisol as reaction to the analogue “traumatic” event.
Post film: psychological measurements as reactions to the analogue “traumatic” event.
Statistical Methods/Data Analysis
Cortisol, Physiological and Psychological Reactions to the Analogue Traumatic Event
Main Analyses: Correlations and Regression Analyses
|Prof. Tanja Michael, Division of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Department of Psychology, Saarland University, Campus, Building A1.3, 66123 Saarbrucken, Germany. |
|PTSD, intrusive memories, rumination, dissociation, anxiety, mood, cortisol, psychophysiology, risk factors |
|Received 1 Sep 2015; Revised 18 Sep 2016; Accepted 18 Sep 2016; In Press 25 Sep 2016 |