ISSN 2043-8087
Journal of Experimental Psychopathology
 Volume 8, Issue 3, 252-264, 2017
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A Bi-Factor Approach to Modeling the Structure of Worry and Rumination

  Juyoen Hur - University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
  Wendy Heller - University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
  Justin Kern - University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
  Howard Berenbaum - University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Volume 8, Issue 3, 2017, Pages 252-264

It remains unclear whether worry and rumination represent the same functional process, or if they are unique constructs. The current study examined the relationship between worry and rumination, focusing on the potential utility of a bi-factor approach as an alternative to “common” vs. “distinctive” approaches. The results indicated that the structural relationship between worry and rumination is best represented by a bi-factor model (compared to single-factor and two-factor models), which is comprised of a single factor that captures common variance in worry and rumination, as well as separate worry-specific and rumination-specific factors that capture unique variance. Furthermore, three orthogonal factors derived from the bi-factor model showed diverging associations with motivational traits (avoidance and approach temperament) and distinct anxiety/depression symptoms. The bi-factor conceptualization provides a framework for reconciling the diverging perspectives regarding worry and rumination, suggesting the need to pay attention to both common and unique aspects of worry and rumination.

Table of Contents
 Self-Report Questionnaires
  Rumination and Worry
  Approach and Avoidance Temperament
  Depression and Anxious Arousal Symptoms
 Analytic Strategy
 Confirmatory Factor Analyses
 Descriptive Validity of the PSWQ/RRQ Factors Model

Correspondence to
Ms. Juyoen Hur

Bi-factor Model, Negative repetitive thinking, Temperament, Anxiety, Depression

Received 18 Mar 2016; Revised 5 Oct 2016; Accepted 5 Oct 2016; In Press 16 Oct 2016

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