ISSN 2043-8087
Journal of Experimental Psychopathology
 Volume 7, Issue 4, 588-600, 2016
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The impact of metacognitive beliefs and anticipatory processing on state anxiety in high socially anxious individuals in a speech task

Authors
  Styliani Gkika - The University of Manchester, UK
  Adrian Wells - The University of Manchester, UK

Volume 7, Issue 4, 2016, Pages 588-600
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5127/jep.054916

Abstract
The metacognitive model (Wells & Matthews, 1994) proposes that metacognitions (e.g., positive or negative beliefs about worry and thoughts) are involved in emotional disorders alongside perseverative thinking, such as worry. In social anxiety, worry about forthcoming social situations, termed anticipatory processing (AP), is considered an important maintaining factor (Clark & Wells, 1995), but a role of metacognition is less clear. This study investigated AP and metacognition in 80 high socially anxious individuals asked to engage in either AP or a filler task before delivering a speech. AP and higher uncontrollability/danger metacognitive beliefs were associated with greater state anxiety overall. Individuals with higher positive beliefs about worry experienced less of an increase in anxiety before the speech, but their anxiety persisted until after the speech, compared to individuals with lower beliefs. The results support an effect of metacognitions and are discussed in terms of the social anxiety model and its implications.

Table of Contents
Introduction
Method
 Participants
 Measures
  Screening measures:
  Primary Outcome Variable:
  Manipulation check/process measure:
  Independent variables:
 Materials
 Procedure
 Overview of analysis
Results
 Sample description
 Manipulation check
 The effect of AP versus distraction on anxiety (hypothesis 1)
  Effects of positive and uncontrollability/danger metacognitive beliefs on state anxiety (hypothesis 2 and exploratory research question)
Discussion
Acknowledgments
References

Correspondence to
Styliani Gkika, The University of Manchester, Zochonis Building, Brunswick Street, Manchester, M13 9PT, United Kingdom.

Keywords
Social anxiety; Metacognitive beliefs; Anticipatory processing; Metacognition; Anxiety; Distraction; Worry

Dates
Received 27 Jan 2016; Revised 12 Aug 2016; Accepted 17 Aug 2016; In Press 30 Dec 2016









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