ISSN 2043-8087
Journal of Experimental Psychopathology
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Attentional Bias Following Frustration in Youth with Psychopathic Traits: Emotional Deficit versus Negative Preception

Authors
  David Kosson - Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Scien
  Cami McBride - Roosevelt University
  Steven Miller - Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Scien
  Nastassia Riser - VA San Diego Healthcare System
  Lindsay Whitman - Private Practice

In Press (Uncorrected Proof), Pages 1-20
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5127/jep.060116

Abstract
This study was designed to test the conflicting predictions of the emotional deficit perspective and the negative preception hypothesis in 132 male and female detained adolescents near a large Midwestern city. Whereas the emotion deficit perspective predicts that youth with psychopathic traits display less attentional bias for affective stimuli following negative experiences than youth without psychopathic traits, the negative preception hypothesis predicts that youth with psychopathic traits learn to tune out negative affective experiences, exhibit attentional biases away from sadness-related stimuli following negative experiences, and that these biases increase with age. Analyses showed that age moderated the impact of psychopathic traits: as age increased, higher levels of the affective-interpersonal component of psychopathy were associated with increasing attentional bias away from both sadness-related and happiness-related stimuli. These findings provide initial evidence corroborating the negative preception hypothesis in youth with psychopathic traits.

Table of Contents

Correspondence to
Dr. David Kosson

Keywords
psychopathic; conduct disorder; callous-unemotional; attentional bias; dot probe

Dates
Received 11 Oct 2016; Revised 5 Sep 2017; Accepted 5 Sep 2017; In Press 31 Oct 2017







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