ISSN 2043-8087
Journal of Experimental Psychopathology
 Volume 2, Issue 3, 400-417, 2011
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Differential Emotional Responding to Ideographic Cues of Traumatic Interpersonal Violence Compared to Non-Interpersonal Traumatic Experiences

Authors
Christal L. Badour (a), Matthew T. Feldner (a), Kimberly A. Babson (a,b), Rose C. Smith (a,c), Heidemarie Blumenthal (a), Casey D. Trainor (a,d), Liviu Bunaciu (a), Bunmi O. Olatunji (e)
(a) University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas
(b) University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington
(c) University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas
(d) University of Mississippi Medical Center/ G. V. Sonny Montgomery Veterans Affairs Medical Center
(e) Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee

Volume 2, Issue 3, 2011, Pages 400-417
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5127/jep.014711

Abstract
Models of traumatic event-related emotional reactivity have primarily focused on fear. Emerging research points to the importance of advancing our currently limited understanding of how anger and disgust relate to certain types of traumatic experiences, such as interpersonal violence (IPV). The current study compared anger, disgust, and anxiety in response to an ideographic neutral and traumatic event script between IPV victims and those exposed to a non-interpersonally-relevant traumatic event. Victims of IPV evidenced greater anger and disgust in response to the traumatic event script compared to the non-IPV group after accounting for variability in posttraumatic stress symptoms and negative affect. No differences emerged in terms of anxiety responding. These findings suggest reminders of IPV may be particularly likely to elicit anger and disgust, in addition to anxiety, which may have implications for the treatment of IPV-related posttraumatic stress.

Table of Contents
Introduction
Method
  Participants
  Measures
    Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS).
    Positive And Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS).
    Subjective Units of Distress Scale (SUDS).
  Procedure
  Data Analytic Approach
Results
  Descriptive Statistics
  Imagery Task Responding
    Vividness of Scripts.
    Anger.
    Disgust.
    Anxiety.
Discussion
Acknowledgements
References

Correspondence to
Christal Badour or Dr. Matthew T. Feldner, University of Arkansas, Department of Psychology, 216 Memorial Hall, Fayetteville, AR 72701.

Keywords
Interpersonal violence, anger, disgust, emotion, script-driven imagery

Dates
Received 10 Sep 2010; Revised 28 Feb 2011; Accepted 1 Mar 2011; In Press 24 Jul 2011







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