ISSN 2043-8087
Journal of Experimental Psychopathology
 Volume 2, Issue 4, 586-600, 2011
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Self-evaluation, social and cognitive performance in children with social phobia

Authors
Martina Kramer (a), Julian Schmitz (a), Nina Heinrichs (b), & Brunna Tuschen-Caffier (a)
(a) Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, University of Freiburg, Germany
(b) Department of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology and Psychotherapy, University of Bielefeld, Germany

Volume 2, Issue 4, 2011, Pages 586-600
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5127/jep.0016311

Abstract
Cognitive models of Social Phobia (SP) assume that SP is not only associated with negative self-evaluation but also with impaired actual social and cognitive performance. However, relatively little is known about these aspects in children with SP. In our study, we investigated whether children with SP show differences in self-evaluation, as well as in social and cognitive performance during a social-evaluative situation. Therefore, a group of children aged 8 to 12 years with SP (DSM-IV; n = 35) and healthy control (HC) children (n = 35), individually matched by sex and age, was exposed to the Trier Social Stress Test for Children (TSST-C). After the speech task and the math task of the TSST-C, children were asked to evaluate their performance. In addition, observers rated their social performance on different dimensions as well as their cognitive performance. Results showed that children with SP evaluated their performance worse than HC children but did not differ in observer-rated nervous behaviors, micro social skills and cognitive performance. Borderline significant group differences could only be found in observer-rated global impression, illustrating that children with SP may differ from HC children during social stress mainly due to being perceived as having a less positive and friendly social appearance.

Table of Contents
Introduction
 Self-evaluation
 Social performance
 Cognitive performance
 The present study
Method
 Participants
 Materials
  The Social Phobia and Anxiety Inventory for Children (SPAI-C; Beidel, Turner & Morris, 1995).
  The Social Anxiety Scale for Children – Revised (SASC-R; La Greca & Stone, 1993).
  The Child Depression Inventory (CDI; Kovacs, 1985).
  The Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL; Achenbach, 1991).
  Anxiety manipulation check.
  Self-evaluation.
  Social Performance.
  Cognitive Performance.
 Procedure
Results
 Measures of Psychopathology
 Anxiety manipulation check
 Self-evaluation
 Social performance
 Cognitive Performance
Discussion
 Self-evaluation
 Social performance
 Cognitive Performance
 Limitations
Acknowledgements
References

Correspondence to
Martina Krämer, Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, University of Freiburg, Engelbergerstraße 41, 79106 Freiburg, Germany.

Keywords
social phobia, children, self-evaluation, social performance, cognitive performance

Dates
Received 29 Oct 2010; Revised 11 Mar 2011; Accepted 18 Mar 2011; In Press 11 Oct 2011







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