ISSN 2043-8087
Journal of Experimental Psychopathology
 Volume 2, Issue 4, 509-530, 2011
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Intergenerational Transmission of Social Anxiety: the Role of Paternal and Maternal Fear of Negative Child Evaluation and Parenting Behaviour

Authors
Wieke de Vente, Mirjana Majdandzic, Cristina Colonnesi, Susan M. Bogels
Research Institute Child Development and Education, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Volume 2, Issue 4, 2011, Pages 509-530
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5127/jep.018811

Abstract
Parents' fear of negative child evaluation (FNCE) by others has been proposed as a mechanism explaining the intergenerational transmission of social anxiety. Parents' FNCE may result in child social anxiety through various learning processes, including those associated with parenting. To test these ideas, 109 fathers and 110 mothers completed the Fear of Negative Child Evaluation-Questionnaire (FNCE-Q) when their child was 4 months old. Social anxiety disorder (ADIS-A) and social anxiety symptoms (short SPAI) of both parents were measured before the birth of the child. At 1 year of age, early signs of infants' social anxiety were assessed using the Revised Infant Behavior Questionnaire (IBQ-R, combined father mother report), and both parents' over-involved and negative parenting behaviour were measured using the Comprehensive Parenting Behavior Questionnaire (CPBQ). Fathers' FNCE prospectively predicted infant social anxiety and FNCE predicted over-involved (mothers) and negative (both parents) parenting. The relation between maternal social anxiety (disorder) and over-involved and negative parenting was substantially mediated by FNCE. Our results suggest that already during infancy FNCE plays a role in the intergenerational transmission of social anxiety and that this role differs between parents.

Table of Contents
Introduction
Method
 Participants
 Measures
  Infant social fear.
  Self-reported social anxiety.
  Social anxiety disorder.
  Fear of negative child evaluation.
  Over-involved and negative parenting behaviour.
 Procedure
Results
 Drop-out Analyses, Incomplete Data, and Descriptive Statistics
 Associations between FNCE and Parents' Social Anxiety, Infant Social Fear, and Parenting
 Mediation Model I: Paternal Social Anxiety, FNCE, and Infant Social Fear
 Mediation Model II: Maternal Social Anxiety, FNCE, and Parenting
 Gender Differences in FNCE and it's Associations with Predictors and Outcomes
Discussion
References
Appendix A: Fear of Negative Child Evaluation Questionnaire (FNCE-Q)

Correspondence to
Wieke de Vente, Research Institute Child Development and Education, University of Amsterdam, Nieuwe Prinsengracht 130, 1018 VZ Amsterdam

Keywords
social anxiety disorder, aetiology, fear of negative evaluation, parenting behaviour, control, rejection

Dates
Received 1 Nov 2010; Revised 10 May 2011; Accepted 20 May 2011; In Press 11 Oct 2011







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