ISSN 2043-8087
Journal of Experimental Psychopathology
 Volume 2, Issue 4, 601-614, 2011
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Peer liking, physical attractiveness, and anxiety disorders in children

Authors
Barrow, M.E., Baker, J.R, & Hudson, J.L.
Centre for Emotional Health, Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia

Volume 2, Issue 4, 2011, Pages 601-614
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5127/jep.020511

Abstract
This experiment examined peer-liking of anxious children, with particular emphasis on children with Social Phobia. Using a zero acquaintance paradigm, peer-raters randomly viewed video footage of 81 children, 21 with an anxiety disorder and 60 with no anxiety disorder, delivering a brief speech. Age and gender matched peer-raters completed measures assessing perceived liking, anxiety, speech performance, and peer attributes (including friendship attributes, physical characteristics, popularity, and social power). Peer observed anxiety negatively predicted peer liking. Anxiety disordered children, specifically children with Social Phobia, were found to be less liked and judged more harshly in relation to physical attractiveness than non-anxious children. Perceived physical attractiveness accounted for a significant degree of variance in peer liking; observed anxiety and the presence of an anxiety disorder were no longer significant determinants of liking once physical attractiveness was considered.

Table of Contents
Introduction
Method
 Participants
  Target children.
  Peer-rater children.
 Measures
  Anxiety-Disorders Interview Schedule - Child /Parent (Silverman and Albano, 1996).
  Peer observed anxiety.
  Peer-liking measure.
  Speech Performance Measure.
  Peer Attributes Scale (PAS).
 Procedure
  Target children.
  Peer-rater children.
 Data Analyses
Results
 Presence of Anxiety Disorders in the target group
 Descriptive statistics
  The influence of anxiety on peer-liking.
Discussion
Acknowledgements
References
Appendix A: Peer Observed Anxiety Scale (adapted from The Spence Children's Anxiety Scale; Spence, 1998)

Correspondence to
Jennifer L Hudson, Ph.D., Centre for Emotional Health, Macquarie University, NSW 2109 AUSTRALIA.

Keywords
Anxiety disorders, Social Phobia, child anxiety, friendship, peer liking

Dates
Received 9 Dec 2010; Revised 24 Jun 2011; Accepted 24 Jun 2011; In Press 11 Dec 2011







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