| Volume 3, Issue 1, 42-61, 2012 |
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|Friend or Foe? Memory and Expectancy Biases for Faces in Social Anxiety|
|Tatiana Bielak and David A. Moscovitch|
|University of Waterloo, Canada|
|Volume 3, Issue 1, 2012, Pages 42-61|
|Studies examining memory biases for threat in social anxiety (SA) have yielded mixed results. In the present study, memory and expectancy biases were tested using a novel face recognition paradigm designed to offset methodological challenges that have hampered previous research. Following a social threat induction, undergraduates with high (n = 40) and low (n = 40) levels of SA viewed a series of neutral faces randomly paired with positive or negative social feedback. Recognition memory was tested for previously encountered faces, and for the categorization of each encoded face as having been associated with negative (mean) or positive (nice) interpersonal statements. For new faces, participants were asked whether the person seemed mean or nice. Results provided no evidence of a general memory bias to threat in SA, but suggested that high SA individuals lack a positive expectancy bias toward new social partners. Implications are considered for cognitive-behavioral and interpersonal models of SA. |
|Table of Contents|
Development and selection of experimental stimuli.
Social threat induction.
Valence, arousal, and distress ratings.
Preparation of Data and Analytic Procedure
Descriptive group characteristics.
Subjective Distress Prior to and Following Social Threat Induction.
Accuracy of Face Recognition Across Categories.
Hypothesis 1: Testing for the Presence of a Memory Bias for Threatening Faces
Hypothesis 2: Testing for the Presence of an Expectancy Bias for New Faces
Hypothesis 3: Testing the Relation between Self-Portrayal Concerns and Recall Memory for Personally-Relevant Threat
Appendix: Pilot data on the selection of phrase stimuli based on the NSPS
|Tatiana Bielak, Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada N2L 3G1. |
|face memory, cognitive biases, memory biases, expectancy, social anxiety |
|Received 23 May 2011; Revised 13 Oct 2011; Accepted 31 Oct 2011; In Press 5 Feb 2012 |