| Volume 3, Issue 3, 470-478, 2012 |
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|The effects of cognitive and affective priming on law of contagion appraisals|
|Adams, T. G.(a), Cisler, J. M.(c), Brady, R. E.(a)(b), & Lohr, J. M.(a)|
|(a) University of Arkansas, Fayetteville|
(b) University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences
(c) University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Brain Imaging Research Center
|Volume 3, Issue 3, 2012, Pages 470-478|
|The law of contagion is the magical belief that contagion can spread in an absolute fashion despite minimal contact, extreme lapses in time, and many degrees of removal. Research suggests that two broad mechanisms may underlie inflated law of contagion beliefs and appraisals. These include cognitive (attention, informational) and affective (disgust). The present study tested the effects of cognitive-informational (script that described the spreading nature of germs) and affective (disgust odorant) priming on law of contagion appraisals using the chain of contagion task. Results showed that disgust priming had a non-significant impact on law of contagion appraisals while cognitive-informational priming caused participants to appraise contagion as being able to spread in a more virulent fashion. These data are consistent with previous research and support the idea that appraisals related to the law of contagion can be affected by informational manipulations. Results are discussed in relation to contamination fears in OCD. |
|Table of Contents|
Revised Disgust Propensity and Sensitivity Scale (DPSS-R; van Overveld, de Jong, Peters, Cavanagh, & Davey, 2006).
The Chain of Contagion Task (Cisler et al., 2011; Tolin et al., 2004).
|Thomas G. Adams Jr., University of Arkansas, 316 Memorial Hall, Fayetteville, AR 72701. |
|contagion; affect; cognitive; informational learning; disgust; obsessive-compulsive disorder |
|Received 3 Nov 2011; Revised 22 Feb 2012; Accepted 23 Feb 2012; In Press 1 Jul 2012 |